array(2) { [0]=> string(4) "toto" [1]=> string(4) "titi"} Cetobac : Archives and knowledge

Questions transverses |

Archives and knowledge

Coordinators: Elisabetta BORROMEO and Dilek SARMIS

Several endeavors undertaken at the CETOBaC congregate around the question of ‘archives and knowledge.’ This question particularly deals with (I) the use of archival resources, as many members of the team primarily use manuscript documents as sources, and (II) the study of the making and circulation of knowledge in and about the (post-)Ottoman and Central Asian regions since the turn of the 20th century.

I. Archives

The CETOBaC has always paid special attention to the exploitation of archival resources. Some researchers do not choose to not just work on a particular document but rather to study the ensemble of documentary collections held in particular archival fonds according to two complementary methods: (A) editorial work and (B) research on specific fonds. Lastly, we hope that (C) this philological expertise will be put to the service of non-specialists interested in history.

A.  Editorial work

– ‘Annotated Turki Manuscripts Online’ : (with the University of Kansas, Alexandre Papas). Study on the digital publication of Islamic manuscripts of the eastern Turkestan collections in Lund and at the Library of the Institut de France).

–  Archives of the bail of Venice (agreement between the CETOBaC and the Venice Archivio di Stato). Catalogue and summaries in French and Italian of the fonds of Ottoman documents (Elisabetta Borromeo, Nicolas Vatin).

–  Ottoman Collections of the Archives of the Monastery of St. John in Patmos (Nicolas Vatin, Elizabeth Zachariadou). Catalogue and summaries in French. The first volume (end of the 15th to the beginning of the 17th centuries) was released in 2011.

  Ġazavât-ı Hayre-d-dîn Paşa (Nicolas Vatin): Translation of an Ottoman chronicle with an introduction and annotations.

–  « Registre des affaires importantes » (Record of important affairs), National Library of Vienna (Mxt 270) (Claudia Römer, Nicolas Vatin). Transliteration in progress. Translation and publication in progress.

–  Ottoman Collection of the Mount Athos Archives (Elias Kolovos, Nicolas Vatin in collaboration with the Center for Arab, Turkish and Islamic Studies and the Center for Byzantine Studies at the Collège de France): translation and publication of Ottoman documents.

B.  Research on archival collections

–  « L’orientalisme en train de se faire » (Orientalism in the Making) (INALCO, CETOBAC, EHESS. Coord.: Emmanuel Szurek, Augustin Jomier): showcasing of the private archives of R. Basset (1855-1924) and J. Deny (1879-1963), of which the CETOBaC is custodian.

-  Fêtes de la langue en Turquie à l’époque kémaliste (1934-1950) (Language festivals in Kemalist Turkey (1934-1950) (coord. Marc Aymes, Benoît Fliche, Emmanuel Szurek), study of the corpus gathered by E. Szurek (Archives of the Republic, Ankara) concerning the ‘language festivals’ (dil bayramları) during interwar republican Turkey, with the aim of publishing primary sources for a non-specialist readership.

Les Ottomans à travers leurs émotions (The Ottomans through their emotions):After Les Ottomans par eux-mêmes (The Ottomans from within) (planned release in 2019), a group of Ottomanists at the CETOBaC and at the Center for Arab, Turkish and Islamic Studies will meet regularly to work on primary sources around this theme.

II.  Orientalisms and disciplines: knowledge in the making

Researchers who work on this topic aim to study the creation and circulation of knowledge — whether institutionalized or not, and scholarly or technical — in and about the (post-)Ottoman and Central Asian regions since the turn of the 20th century. Through various methodological approaches — such as the history of academic disciplines, conceptual history, the sociology of intellectuals, the sociology of knowledge or social epistemology — they will formulate crosscutting perspectives — including the link between knowledge and practice, academic use versus technical use, the institutionalization of disciplines, and trans-disciplinary, transnational and comparative approaches.

A. The construction of European Orientalism from the Soviet and Turkish cases

–          A continuation of the research launched at the CETOBaC in 2016 named « Une histoire pratique de l’intelligence orientaliste » (A practical history of Orientalist reason) from the unpublished archives of René Basset and Jean Deny directed by Augustin Jomier and Emmanuel Szurek (see I.B): study of Orientalism in its social and intellectual, intimate and political, local and transnational depth, with a specific focus on practices on the ground, namely in the colonial context.

–  Research on the history of Turkology and Orientalism in Italy and Europe (Marie Bossaert)

–  History of Soviet Orientalism: monograph in preparation (Stéphane Dudoignon)

B.  Disciplines and expertise: History of knowledge through a history of academic disciplines and of relations of expertise, looking at the factors and issues in their creation and the types of knowledge that hold an eccentric relationship with academia

–  Reforms and dynamics in academia in Turkey, institutionalization and change in disciplinary departments (philosophy, psychology, sociology, secularized disciplines that study religion) (Dilek Sarmis)

–  Expertise on religion: building expert relationships in the field of religion(s) — Islam and Orthodoxy — in post-Soviet Russia, production of academic knowledge on religion (Kristina Kovalskaya).

–  History of geographical knowledge: cartography, transnational circulations and exchanges of disciplinary fields linked to geography (Ségolène Débarre)

–  Social sciences in Croatia and Serbia in the 1990's (Agustin Cosovschi)

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